Home > DNA Fingerprinting > Bioinformatics and DNA

Bioinformatics and DNA

By: Ian Murnaghan BSc (hons), MSc - Updated: 28 Dec 2012 | comments*Discuss
 
Dna Bioinformatics Data Storage

Bioinformatics began from our requirement to understand how life works, which is precisely why DNA is so important to bioinformatics. DNA sequencing and research have progressed over the years, ultimately leading into the field of bioinformatics. If you think about DNA and its enormous control over life, you can understand how it has many roles such as coding for genes and comprising the biological substance of humans and other living organisms. The aim of bioinformatics is to reveal all of the information that is somewhat veiled under all of this structure, sequencing and general data. Bioinformatics ultimately seeks to gain a clarity and understanding of the very basic biology of organisms and to then utilise this understanding to improve our own lives.

Understanding Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics involves applying computer technology to the handling and sorting of biological information. As such, we can use computers to analyse and make sense of this biological information. In a sense, bioinformatics is a bridge between the biological sciences and computer sciences. With so much information, bioinformatics can let us detect valuable data contained within enormous volumes of biological information. Once uncovered, this information can be applied to technological applications in fields such as medicine, agriculture, environmental sciences and nutrition.

Importance of Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is important to a virtually unlimited number of fields. However, one of its biggest challenges is to obtain clarity within the massive amount of information that results from projects involving the sequencing of the human genome. Initially, this type of sequencing was performed solely in the laboratory but with such an enormous level of data production, we now rely on computers to accomplish sequencing goals.

To actually generate a DNA sequence and then store and analyse it, computers are responsible for much of the work. However, it is a challenge in bioinformatics to efficiently and successfully store such a large volume of data and to do so in such a way that a scientist can easily access the necessary information as needed. Data in itself is almost useless until it is analysed and correctly interpreted. To handle so much data, computers are important to fill this vital gap, which can aid scientists in the extraction of useful and important biological data.

Using Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is used in many aspects of medicine and will likely continue to grow as we find new capabilities and applications. It has the potential to create custom medications, prevent or treat disease, benefit the environment or support agricultural technology.

In molecular medicine, we can obtain a higher number of drug targets through the use of bioinformatics. Another important area is that of gene therapy, which is a particularly strong focus of research at present. In agriculture, bioinformatics can allow us to enhance the nutrient quality of foods and develop crops that are able to handle poor soil growing conditions and bad weather. We can also develop our understanding of evolution through bioinformatics as well as broaden our understanding of environmental issues such as climate change. Clearly, bioinformatics is a significant area of science and it will continue to develop and support our research and understanding of DNA and the biology of organisms.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Topics
Latest Comments
  • Rebekka
    Re: DNA and Air Crash Victims
    How does one obtain dna for ancestral testing from a body that's been embalmed? They are holding the body while I find out. Can you…
    26 April 2019
  • Nikita
    Re: DNA Test after Death
    Hello, I just saw your tests online. Great!! I am wondering my mother died about 20 years ago. I have 1/2 of her ashes. I am trying to find…
    29 March 2019
  • Morgz
    Re: An Overview of DNA Functions
    GO CHECK OUT MY NEW CLICKBAIT FORTNITE CHANNEL!!! MORGZCLICKBAITY
    26 March 2019
  • Shegzysnoop
    Re: Using DNA and for Immigration Purposes
    My dna is part of the document that was receive by the consulate from my lawyer in Chicago but surprisingly afelter…
    20 March 2019
  • yoda gaming
    Re: An Overview of DNA Functions
    game i must 3 weeks left to live i have took the kids she has
    19 March 2019
  • Lannette
    Re: DNA Test after Death
    My son was killed n 2018 and was buried can or shall I say could we get a good enough DNA to see if a child who's going on 10 next month…
    14 March 2019
  • Emilina C.
    Re: DNA Test after Death
    My uncle died in March 2017 and there is a probable theory that he was murdered by his wife due to the fact that his reason for being sent to…
    14 March 2019
  • lora
    Re: Using DNA and for Immigration Purposes
    my husband is petioning me, we went our different ways but we werent divorced , i had my son while i was married but…
    14 March 2019
  • Jem
    Re: DNA and Disease Prediction
    Nice work it really helped me with the big project I'm doing in May.
    11 March 2019
  • Brat
    Re: DNA Test after Death
    My daughters father just died yesterday he hasn't been buried or cremated is there any way that we could still do a DNA test to prove he is…
    9 March 2019